Today I want to tell you in more detail about one of the careers in cybersecurity – the Security Analyst, which plays a very important role in the world of cybersecurity. Namely, about specialists working in Security Operations Centers (or simply SOCs).
By the way, this profession is great for beginners in the field of cybersecurity and does not require complex certifications, and the role of this profession is extremely important.
🌍 What is SOC?
SOC is a department in a company that is responsible for monitoring and managing network security and consists of a team of cybersecurity experts.
👨💻 Who is a SOC Analyst?
The SOC Analyst is responsible for monitoring network security and logging. It is generally accepted that SOC consists of 3 lines/levels of protection:
Level 1 – Triage (initial processing and triage of cyber incidents)
At level 1 (L1), there are analysts of the first line of defense. They are responsible for monitoring security events, triaging incidents, and conducting initial investigations. They play an important role in identifying potential security threats.
Level 2 – Incident response
At Level 2 (L2), more experienced analysts work. They deal with more complex security incidents, conduct in-depth investigations, analyze security data, and provide remediation recommendations.
Level 3 – Threat Hunting
Level 3 (L3) – The highest level of expertise in the SOC team. Analysts are already dealing with the most complex and critical incidents that require advanced technical skills and knowledge. They conduct detailed forensic analyses, develop and implement incident response strategies, and provide advice to analysts at other levels.
However, the structure and names of the SOC tiers may vary from organization to organization. Some SOCs may have additional levels or roles depending on the requirements and capabilities of the organization.
🔐 Key functions of the SOC
- SOC analysts monitor and fix vulnerabilities in the system by installing updates and patches or taking other measures to prevent a possible hack.
- SOC monitors compliance with security policies, controlling, for example, the uploading of confidential data to unauthorized online services.
- SOC analysts detect and block any unauthorized activity, such as the use of stolen credentials to gain unauthorized access to systems.
- Despite the security measures in place, network intrusions can still occur. The SOC quickly detects and responds to such intrusions to prevent potential threats.
The SOC plays a crucial role in maintaining the security of networks and systems by proactively monitoring, detecting, and responding to various security threats. It is an important profession that helps protect our information and data in the online world.
Stay safe online!