Cybersecurity Careers: Overview of the Key Specializations

CyberSecureFox 🦊

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Cybersecurity Careers

Have you ever wondered what the term “cybersecurity specialist” means? It’s a catch-all term for a number of cybersecurity careers or specializations that differ significantly from each other in terms of direction (defense/attack) and technical requirements. Let’s dive into this world and learn more about each role.

⌨️ Security Analyst

A Security Analyst is a specialist who analyzes company networks, identifies useful data, and makes recommendations for developing preventive measures. His tasks include interacting with stakeholders, preparing reports, and developing measures necessary for all teams to protect critical data.

🌐 Security Engineer

A Security Engineer is a professional who develops and implements security solutions using threat and vulnerability data to protect the company from a wide range of attacks. Their responsibilities include testing and verifying security measures in software, monitoring the network, and updating systems to minimize risks and maximize protection.

📶 Incident Responder

An Incident Responder is an expert who develops plans and protocols to respond quickly and effectively to security breaches in order to protect critical data, reputation, and financial health of the company. He or she is responsible for developing plans, maintaining security best practices, and reporting after incidents with lessons learned and adaptations to those incidents.

🔍 Digital Forensics Examiner

A Digital Forensics Examiner is a detective in the world of cyberspace. He collects and analyzes digital evidence to solve crimes and protect the company’s network. They use their forensic skills to comply with legal procedures, analyze data, and document results.

👾 Malware Analyst

Malware Analyst – this specialist is responsible for analyzing suspicious programs, detecting their actions, and writing reports on their findings. This specialist is also called a “reverse engineer” because his main task is to translate compiled programs from machine language into readable code, usually in a low-level language. This job requires experience in programming, reverse engineering and dynamic analysis skills, as well as documenting and reporting results.

🔑 Pentester / Penetration Tester

A penetration tester is a specialist in penetration testing who checks the security of a company’s systems and software. He finds vulnerabilities so that the company can fix problems and prevent real cyberattacks. The pentester’s responsibilities include conducting tests, assessing security, and evaluating and documenting the results.

🔴 Red Team Agent/Red Teamer

A Red Team Agent/Red Teamer is a specialization similar to a pentester but performs more in-depth tasks. While pentesters seek to identify multiple vulnerabilities in systems to maintain cybersecurity at the proper level, Red Team agents test a company’s incident detection and response capabilities. This role involves simulating the actions of cybercriminals and modelling malicious attacks, including social engineering, access denial and evasion.

Cybersecurity is a diverse and fast-growing sector that requires various skills and knowledge. Having a clear understanding of these cybersecurity careers will help you better understand how these experts work together to defend against cyberattacks and keep the digital world safe.


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